Are you thinking about building your very own bunker? Congratulations! You are now moving into the higher levels of becoming a prepper. Bunkers have been used for thousands of years to avoid storms, natural disasters, and military invasions. A bunker is a major investment, but it would certainly pay off in a worst-case scenario when you have a hidden place to keep your family safe.
Before you start building a bunker, there are several important questions you need to think about. Where are you going to place the bunker? How will you defend the bunker? What type of entrance/emergency exit will you have? What will you do for power? How will you handle sewage? What about air filtration systems? Do you have a plan to store food and water in your bunker? Let’s take a closer look at 7 things you need to consider before you build your bunker.
Where is your bunker going to be located? The location you choose is important because you need to be aware of surrounding bodies of water, potential for flooding, population density, etc. Understand your location and make sure it is well hidden and that it is easily accessible for you and your family.
If you are dreaming of an underground bunker, make sure that you are aware of the issues that your land might throw at you. Beyond topographical problems like rocky soil or underground water sources, you will also have to think about your neighbors. If you have a homeowner’s association, you should check to make sure underground bunkers are permitted or risk hefty fines when the neighbors notice you digging trenches in the backyard. Make sure that you are fully aware of the building codes and restrictions in your neighborhood.
You also need to know how you will defend your bunker. Many bunkers are built the same way. Most have two exits: one primary and one emergency. But when it comes to defending your bunker, what are your plans? Simply having a stockpile of guns and ammo is not enough. You need to think carefully through this process. Perhaps you would like to camouflage the entrance, or maybe you would like to surround the property with a fence and barbwire. All of these are legitimate ideas but they can be expensive and they are not fool proof. Wherever you place the bunker you need to make sure that it is defensible. Do not place the bunker in the middle of a highly visible area or an area that has many entrances and exits.
3. Power Source
How will you power the bunker? Generators are the logical recourse here, but that can lead to fuel storage and a whole new set of issues. Electricity is the best option but then again you are relying on the power grid. What happens if there is an EMP attack or the power is cut? Solar power is an option but this will lead to your bunker being more visible. After all, when people see the solar panels they will be curious. There is no easy answer here but I would suggest using electricity while you can, and having a generator as a backup option.
Sewage is one of the biggest issues that you will face. People have to pee and they have to poop. That is just life. And when the bunker is full of people, it will be full of a lot more than just that. Enough said. Take the time to plan this aspect carefully. The best bet is to have your own sewage system. Again, if you can afford the bunker then you can probably afford the septic system that it needs to be top notch.
The entrance to your bunker is vital. How will this be constructed? Obviously you need to make sure that the door is bullet proof and fire resistant, but there is more to consider. In most cases of breaking and entering, the doorframe is the area that fails most often. The doorframe needs to be reinforced with steel. Additionally, the door needs to be reinforced from the inside. You also need to have an emergency exit. In most cases this exit is placed on the opposite end of the bunker and it needs to be totally, 100% hidden. The best option here is to have the emergency exit buried under ground. This will keep it hidden thoroughly.
6. Air Filtration
Air filtration is another key issue. What happens in the event of a nuclear, biological, or chemical disaster? The bunker might be a great place to live out these dark days but you are still going to have the same oxygen addiction. Breathing is important. Plan now for the future by having an NBC filtration system. What is this? It is a nuclear, biological, and chemical filter. The small filter will handle an area about 500 square feet in size and it will set you back about 2500 dollars. A small fee to pay for fresh air.
Finally, what kind of amenities are you going to place in the bunker? Some people opt for the cave man option where they have nothing but the bare essentials. But I would recommend making the bunker feel as much like home as possible. You need to have furniture and cooking supplies. You need to have blankets and pillows and maybe even a TV. Making the bunker feel like home will make the survival scenario much easier to handle.
Do you have plans to build a bunker? We would love to hear what you are planning for your new bug out location!